Home Health Vertigo: Symptoms, Types, Causes & Treatments

Vertigo: Symptoms, Types, Causes & Treatments

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Vertigo is a condition in which the sufferer feels as if the surrounding environment is spinning or floating. This condition will also make the sufferer lose balance, making it difficult to just stand or even walk. The best way to describe vertigo is to rotate your body several times and feel the conditions produced.

Keep in mind, vertigo is not the name of the disease. However, a collection of symptoms can occur suddenly or last for a certain period of time.

Symptoms of Vertigo

The common symptoms of vertigo are dizziness, a spinning head sensation and loss of balance. These signs will trigger the sufferer to experience a sensation of nausea, vomiting, excessive sweating, headaches, sometimes even accompanied by nystagmus (abnormal eye movements), ringing in the ears (tinnitus) and the sensation of feeling about to fall. Usually, this condition will disappear and can last for several minutes, hours, or even days.

Please consult to a doctor if your condition does not improve better. The doctor will usually ask for your symptoms, do a simple examination, and recommend further examination.

Causes of Vertigo

In general, there are two types of vertigo which are grouped according to the cause. Each condition also has its own causes.

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1. Peripheral vertigo

This type of vertigo is the most often experienced by most people. The cause of peripheral vertigo is caused by a disturbance in the inner ear which functions to regulate the body’s balance.

When you move your head, the inside of the ear will tell you where your head is and then send a signal to the brain to maintain balance. However, if there is a problem in the inner ear, you will feel pain and dizziness. This can occur because of inflammation in the inner ear or because of a viral infection.

In addition, this type of vertigo is caused by several other things such as:

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1. Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo (BPPV)

BPPV is the most common cause of vertigo, a condition in which the inner vestibular ear is disrupted and triggered by sudden changes in position and head movement. For example:

  • Change the position of the head from an upright position to a sudden bow
  • Wake up suddenly from sleep
  • Movement of looking up head

The condition of BPPV is also more susceptible to people who have had surgery on their ears, have a history of head injuries, have ear infections, and are currently in a period of healing and bedrest.

2. Having History of Head Injury

Another cause of peripheral vertigo is due to the impact of a history of head injury. People who have had a previous head injury may experience inner ear disorders which then cause vertigo.

3. Experiencing Labyrinthitis

Labyrinthitis is inflammation and infection that occurs in the inner ear, especially in tortuous and fluid channels. This inner ear plays an important role in controlling one’s hearing and balance. Inner ear infection is usually caused by viruses and bacteria, for example in people with cold.

If you experience this disease due to Labyrinthitis, then other symptoms that will also arise are nausea, vomiting, loss of hearing ability, pain in the ear, and fever.

4. Vestibular Neuritis

Vestibular neuritis is inflammation that occurs in the nerve part of the ear that is directly connected to the brain. The inflammation is caused by a viral infection that usually occurs suddenly without accompanied by symptoms or other signs, there is even no problem with hearing ability.

This condition can occur for several hours a day. Symptoms of loss of balance, headaches, nausea, and even vomiting. Even though this inflammation occurs in the nerve part of the ear, this condition usually does not make the sufferer experience hearing loss.

5. Ménière’s Disease

Ménière’s disease is a rare disease that attacks the inner ear. Although Ménière’s disease is rare, this condition can be a very severe cause of vertigo. Even in some cases, the symptoms include ringing in the ears, and hearing loss over a period of time.

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